The current 100m world record is at 58.12 by Gemma Spofforth. In the 1988 Seoul Olympic games, the dolphin kick was brought to light by David Barkoff of the USA. Butterfly. The freestyle swimming stroke was thought to haveoriginated in Australia which is partially true.The stroke used to be called the “Australian Crawl”because competitive swimmers from Australia werewinning events with this stroke.It is said the freestyle was originally from the pacificislands possibly the Solomon’s From iSport Swimming. The Hittites and other early civilizations left cave drawings depicting people diving and swimming. Swimming. The earliest instruction programs were in Great Britain in the 19th century, both for sport and for lifesaving. Backstroke kicks engage the muscles in your legs and glutes for a complete lower-body workout; further challenged by the resistance of the water. Bas-relief artwork in an Egyptian tomb from around 2,000 B.C. The women’s programme now has … This occurred between 1935 and 1945 and into the 1950s, creating controversy at the Olympics. To that end, it’s essentially freestyle on your back, as it involves the same flutter kick and also a long axis stroke, meaning you rotate your body along the long axis of your spine. The backstroke was used in the Olympics in the sport of water polo, for the first time. Those programs were copied in the rest of Europe. History of Swimming. Elementary Backstroke Strengths. I don’t say this often, but for the kick we can take some advice from Missy Elliot and “flip it and … It was only in 1956 that “butterfly” was introduced. istory of regby. In the United States swimming instruction for lifesaving purposes began under the auspices of the American Red Cross in 1916. It quickly became commonplace for backstroke swimmers to flip on to their front as they approach the wall, spin quickly underwater and touch the wall with their feet, kicking off for their next length. There was a depiction of this in the ancient Assyrian people stone carvings. History of Swimming. Swimmers place their feet against the wall, and hold onto either the gutter or the grip built into the starting block. THE ORIGINS OF SWIMMING, SWIMMING CIVILISATIONS IN ANCIENT TIMES Our ancestors settled down next to the life … It was the second stroke to be swum in competitions after the front crawl. Backstroke definition is - a swimming stroke executed on the back and usually consisting of alternating circular arm pulls and a flutter kick. Kick. One of the most important developments in the history of backstroke was made in the late 1930s when Australian swimmers began to bend their arms for the underwater phase of the stroke. shows an overarm stroke like the front crawl. This was a milestone Olympic Games for swimming. THE HISTORY OF SWIMMING 1.1. Margaret Edwards won bronze in the same race to join her British and English teammate on the podium in Melbourne. The first Olympic backstroke competition was the 1900 Paris Olympics men's 200 meter. One key disadvantage of backstroke is that a swimmer does not have the ability to see where he or she is going. century, only the “freestyle”, “breaststroke” and “backstroke” styles were present. Shaine Casas Unloads Fourth-Fastest 200-Yard Backstroke in History. This makes breathing straightforward as the face is turned upwards and held above the water surface. We all know what the backstroke is, but let’s learn a little more about this swimming style. The backstroke began to develop early in the 20th century. McLaren's Formula One test driver Pedro De la Rosa says the ban on in-season testing could prove to be dangerous. Since its inception, it has undergone major changes up to where it stands now. It’s the second fastest (after freestyle), and the only one that involves being on your back. How to use backstroke in a sentence. London 1908 – Herbert Haresnape – 100m Backstroke bronze, Paris 1924 – Phyllis Harding – 100m Backstroke silver, Amsterdam 1928 – Joyce Cooper – 100m Backstroke bronze, Melbourne 1956 – Judy Grinham – 100m Backstroke gold, Melbourne 1956 – Margaret Edwards – 100m Backstroke bronze, Rome 1960 – Natalie Steward – 100m Backstroke silver. He swam for 35 meters before involving the arm movements. The backstroke began to appear in the picture in the early 20th century as an independent style. In the modern history, in the 17 century, a royal decree had made the teaching of swimming at schools mandatory. The only regulated style swimming using the back. Graphic data for World Record Progression in Men and Women Swimming 50m-100m-200m Long and Short Course Butterfly-Backstroke-Breaststroke-Freestyle. Who that person is, we will never know. 1. Swimming can trace its existence back through the ancient times. The backstroke is a swimming style swum using the back when the swimmer is lying flat on the back while the arms are stretched above your head and the legs stretched backward. One of the earliest change came in 1932 when Australian amateur swimmers realized that bending of arms in the underwater stroke rather than straight arms proved to be fast.  The English dictionary will give you two distinct meanings but today we will be diving into the swimming-related definition. However, this type of backstroke never became a mainstay of competition. Senator Padmé Amidala: The Plum Of or The Gets the Rice 1.1. Since its inception, it has undergone major changes up to where it stands now. The 4000 m freestyle race was won by British swimmer John Jarvis. A 100 yard Backstroke race was held instead in St Louis in 1904 (the only Olympic Games to have been contested in a 50 yard pool) before the 100m Backstroke took over in 1908. The history of backstroke: The Olympic Games Backstroke was included in the Olympic Games for the first time as a 200m event for men at the Paris Olympics in 1900. This is a listing of the history of the World Record in the 100 breaststroke swimming event. Backstroke swimming developed as an offshoot of front crawl, with swimmers copying the overarm technique on their backs. A 100 yard Backstroke race was held instead in St Louis in 1904 (the only Olympic Games to have been contested in a 50 yard pool) before the 100m Backstroke took over in 1908. Butterfly grew out of breaststroke in the 50's and 60's, finally becoming its own separate … History of track athletics. History of Backstroke According to the Canadian Red Cross' "History of Swimming and Stroke Development," ancient Middle Eastern and Greek civilizations started building strokes and rapid water-survival techniques in lakes, rivers and the open sea. At the finish of the race, backstroke swimmers must stay on their backs until they touch the wall, ideally with one hand. The very first Olympic events were freestyle (crawl) or breaststroke. 6 1. History of the Freestyle Stroke 1. Another watershed moment in the history of backstroke swimming came at the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul. backstroke definition: 1. a way of swimming in which you lie on your back and move one arm and then the other straight…. Women’s swimming made its debut in 1912 and has been onthe programme ever since. Although humans have been swimming for thousands of years, swimming only became a competitive sport in the early 1800s. The 200m women’s event was added to the schedule in the 1968 Mexico City Olympic games. This is a history of the 100 m backstroke world record as swum in both long-course (50 m; Olympic) pools and short-course (25 m) pools—the two categories recognized/tracked by FINA. Backstroke is an ancient style of swimming, popularized by Harry Hebner. The men’s events were the 100 m, 400 m, and 1500 m freestyle; 100 m backstroke; 200 m and 400 m breaststroke; and a 4 × 200 m freestyle relay. Swimming is an ancient sport that has long promoted survival, health and recreation. 2) The elementary backstroke is swum on the back. As the meet wrapped up on Sunday night, Curzan became the second-fastest performer in the history of the 200-yard backstroke in the 15-16 age group, as she clocked in at 1:49.35. The history of breaststroke swimming March 11, 2016. The first women’s backstroke event at the Olympics was the 100m at the 1924 Games in Paris while the women’s 200m Backstroke was added to the Olympic schedule at the 1968 Games in Mexico City. To help with this FINA the world swimming governing body introduced the backstroke turns that allowed the swimmer to make turns just before approaching the wall so that they can touch the wall with any part of their body, on the final lap however one must touch the wall using the hand. It skyrocketed in popularity in the early 1900s thanks to the competitions held by the National Swimming Society of Great Britain. Below … England’s Liam Tancock set the reigning 50m Backstroke world record of 24.04 on the way to the first of his two World Championship crowns in 2009. The History of the Backstroke Backstroke was undoubtedly first contrived by a poor swimmer who was simply exhausted from trying to crawl and turned onto his back and realized he or she could much easier breathe and still maintain some propulsion. History of Swimming. The elementary backstroke, while not a competitive swim stroke today, was first performed in competition in the 1900 Paris Olympics. Backstroke is one among only four strokes that are regulated for competition purposes. Ancient civilizations left ample evidence of their swimming abilities. It seems as though people are able to swim virtually coming out of the womb, and so it stands to reason that humans have been swimming as recreation, relaxation, or sport ever since they stood upright. World governing body FINA reacted by restricting the distance a swimmer could remain submerged at the start of each length, initially to 10m, then in 1991 to 15m. Backstroke was added in 1904. History of the Freestyle Stroke 2. The backstroke is, as the name suggests, the only one of the four competitive swimming strokes swum on the back.. By then, four particular strokes were already well known to most of the competitors. The 100m Backstroke remained the only men’s backstroke race available at the Olympics until the 200m Back was re-introduced at the 1964 Olympics in Tokyo. The 4000 m event was the longest swimming competition event ever held in the history of swimming. One of its key advantages as a swimming style is that a swimmer can breathe easily while facing upwards away from the water and a key disadvantage is that one can not be able to see where he or she is headed. New measures were brought in by the FIA, the sport's governing body, as part of cost-cutting measures for F1. (3) The ability to swim a short distance when fully dressed and when carrying equipment. However, a year later, FINA changed the restrictions on backstroke turns, allowing swimmers to touch the wall using any part of their body rather than only their hand (although for finishes, backstrokers still need to touch with their hand). Complements freestyle: As … Today, swimming is the third most-watched sport in the Olympic Games. In the 1940s, breaststrokers discovered that they could go faster by bringing both arms forward over their heads. There have been just six English medallists in the history of backstroke events at the Olympic Games with Herbert Haresnape the first – and only male – on the list with 100m Backstroke bronze at the London Games in 1908. This new technique was faster than using the traditional straight arm to pull through the water and was quickly adopted as the standard style for competitive backstroke swimming. USA’s David Berkhoff qualified for the Games using a backstroke start known as the ‘Berkhoff blast-off’, where he would use a dolphin kick underwater for as long as possible, swimming faster than on the surface of the water. (2) The ability to swim short distances with arms or legs only. Butterfly Stroke: Strengthen Your Core And Work Your Upper Body. Judy Grinham is the only English swimmer to have won Olympic gold for backstroke, winning the 100m Back title at the 1956 Games in Melbourne. In that stroke, the swimmer’s body position is supine, the body being held as flat and streamlined as possible. The first women’s backstroke swimming event to be held at the Olympics was in 1924 a 100m swimming race. Swimming has featured on the programme of all editions of the Games since 1896. This led to holding of interschool competitions. Breaststroke was the most common stroke across the first competitive swimming races in Europe in the 19th Century. That is why nowadays competitive swimmers can flip to their front when approaching the wall. Its history is majorly attributed to changes that have occurred over time in the competitive stage. History of Golf. The butterfly stroke is seen as … Backstroke is one of four recognized swim strokes. The backstroke began to appear in the picture in the early 20th century as an independent style. The arms reach alternately above the head and enter the water directly in line with the shoulders,… Learn more. 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